Drug testing is a method of determining if a person has been taking illicit or illegal substances. Drug abuse is fast becoming common these days and thus many places try to determine if a person they plan to hire is taking drugs. However, in many places, drug testing is still controversial and even illegal as it is a violation to the rights to privacy. There are a few exceptions, such as those who work with safety, law enforcement, and convicted felons. If you find yourself subject to a drug test, you should make sure you find out all you can about these tests. The most common type of test is the urine drug test and some of these can detect up to ten types of hard drugs, like cocaine and heroine, and even softer drugs like marijuana, up to two weeks from consumption. Urine drug tests can also determine if you have taken alcohol in the past few hours. However, there are a few limitations to this test. For example, it cannot tell the tester how often you take drugs or the severity of the addiction. The test simply states of there is or isn’t any drugs in your system.
Trend in Drug Testing and Drug Facts
It’s really quite interesting that drugs and drug testing seems to be in the news and media a lot, considering that in the past quarter-century, drug use has actually declines 74% for American workers. Also, large US companies are now testing less and less, down about 62% between the 1990s and 2000s. However, it seems that testing itself has developed and become more sophisticated. Many employees, for example, buy powdered human urine, thinking they can beat a urine test, but then some employers switch to hair drug testing or even skin cells taken from an office desk.
Still, looking at the facts, do we really need to ramp up drug testing? It seems that positivity rating among the US workforce for mandated testing seems to have held a steady between 2008 and 2012.
Types of Urine Testing
The urine drug test is the most common type of drug test and is usually considered the gold standard when it comes to testing. That is because courts have held up these tests in courts for almost half a century. However, there have been some hitches and challenges, such as those conducted by the Department of Defense when testing for cocaine. Still, many agencies and companies rely on this for testing.
There are actually three different types of drug tests available today. First, the GCMS or chromatography/mass spectrometry is one of the more sophisticated tests available and usually called the confirmation test. This is because once you test positive for any other type of urine test, you must take this second test to confirm if you have used drugs or are just a victim of a false positive. This type of test uses a very low cut-off point for tests, and some people, such as habitual marijuana users, can test positive even after three or two weeks from their last consumption.
The next type of test is the home drug test kit. Many individual users buy these kits for themselves or to test other people. Some parents use this to test their kids or some private companies can buy these for random drug testing and even spot hiring. These aren’t as sensitive as other drug tests although recently, some companies have been releasing stronger version of the home drug test and if you are willing to pay more, you can buy tests that are at par with professional testing labs. These can usually test for a wide range of drugs, such as: Marijuana (THC), Oxycodone ,Amphetamine, Benzodiazepines, Cocaine, Barbiturates, Ecstasy (MDMA), Methamphetamines, Nicotine, Methadone, Opiates, and PCP.
The last type of test is the EMIT or enzyme multiplied immunoassay technique. This is the cheapest test available for workplace drug testing, and not very accurate, but many still use them for preliminary drug screenings. This is because it can detect only a 50 ng/ml cut-off for THC, which can detect very recent use, and so can be used for random surprise testing when the person has not had time to abstain.
Ways to pass Urine Test
The next question on anyone’s mind is, of course, how to pass a urine drug test or which is the best way to pass a urine drug test. Well, most tests aren’t 100% foolproof and so you can find ways to pass them. Some people by powdered human urine or synthetic urine to give as a sample. Powdered human urine is a better option for drug tests are there are ways to detect if synthetic urine has been used in a sample. However, you may need a special device if you have an observer with you when you give the sample. Such a device can help you simulate the process of urination, as long as the observer isn’t directly staring at your genitals (although for men, there are some devices made to look like the male organ) and allow you to swap out your urine for a clean sample.